Pregnant women drinking coffee is actually okay, it’s just that the amount of coffee intake per day is important to note. The reason is, if you drink it in excess, coffee risks harming the health of pregnant women and the fetus.
In fact, it’s not only coffee intake that pregnant women need to limit, but also other foods and drinks that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, soft drinks, and tea. In addition, caffeine is also usually added to pain relievers for migraines and energy drinks.
The Risks of Drinking Coffee in Pregnant Women
The caffeine content in coffee can cause several side effects, such as anxiety, difficulty sleeping, chest palpitations, nausea, indigestion, frequent urination, and tremors.
Apart from that, coffee can also cause an increase in blood pressure and caffeine withdrawal, especially if pregnant women have often consumed coffee before.
During pregnancy, the body of pregnant women takes longer to metabolize caffeine. That way, the various side effects of caffeine or coffee might last longer in the pregnant woman’s body.
In addition, caffeine can also cross the placenta, even though the metabolism of the Little One in the womb is not mature enough to be able to digest caffeine. Therefore, if consumed in excess, it is feared that the caffeine in coffee can harm the health of pregnant women and their little one.
Here are some health problems in pregnant women and fetuses that are more at risk if pregnant women drink coffee excessively:
- Gastric acid reflux in pregnant women
- Premature birth or low birth weight babies
- Anemia in pregnant women
The Ideal Coffee Measure for Pregnant Women
Each type of coffee can contain different amounts of caffeine. Therefore, pregnant women need to pay attention to the caffeine levels listed on the coffee product packaging labels. The maximum limit for caffeine consumption for pregnant women in a day is 200 mg or the equivalent of 2 cups of instant coffee.
Apart from coffee, this amount also applies to other foods or drinks that contain caffeine. Don’t let pregnant women consume caffeine exceed their daily tolerance limit.
Here are common amounts of caffeine in foods and drinks:
- 1 cup of brewed coffee: 60–200 mg
- 1 cup of filter coffee: 140 mg
- 1 cup of instant coffee: 100 mg
- 1 can of soda: 40 mg
- 1 cup of tea: 75 mg
- 50 grams of chocolate: 25-50 mg
So, coffee is not taboo for young pregnant women. However, given the risk of health problems that can arise from drinking coffee excessively, pregnant women should start limiting their intake of coffee to 2 cups. Especially if pregnant women have been used to drinking coffee every day.
To replace the habit of pregnant women drinking coffee, try consuming healthy, refreshing drinks, such as various fruit juices, smoothies, coconut water or infused water.
If the desire to drink coffee is unbearable, adhere to the consumption limits mentioned above. If necessary, ask your doctor about the measure of drinking coffee that is safe for pregnant women.